Tonbi: Milvus migrans

The Black Kite’s Japanese name is Tobi and the scientific name is Milvus migrans. They are birds which are migratory birds or resident birds. They are raptors and Accipitrida . So they are bigger than almost all other raptor species. The males are 58.5 cm long and the females are 68.5 cm long. Females are bigger than males. They have wingspread of 150~160 cm. Their body color is blown and beaks are sharp and curved.

They are five varieties of the subfamily hawk. Milvus migrans milvus, Milvus migrans lineatus, Milvus migrans parasitus, Milvus migrans grovinda and Milvus migrans affinis . Milvus migrans milvus live in Europe. Milvus migrans lineatus live in Central Asia. Milvus migrans parasitus live in Africa. Milvus migrans grovinda live in India. Milvus migrans affinis live in Australia. M.m.milvus and M.m.lineatus are migratory bird, while M.m are parasites, M.m.grovinda and M.m.affinis are resident birds. Migratory birds live in cool temperature zones. On the other hand, resident birds live in warm temperature zones. Migratory birds can’t live in cold season. So they move to warm country.

Black kite’s habitats are mountain, seaside, harbor, rivers, agricultural land, lake and marshes and city. They live in various habitat. Because they have ability that suit the environment. They live especially in harbors.

Black kite eat prey type or omnivorous type. Prey type live in the suburbs. They eat animals, carcasses, flogs, lizards, snakes and fishes. On the other hand omnivorous type live in the city. They eat animals, carcasses, flogs, lizards, snakes and fishes. In addition, they eat garbage and people’s lunches. There are many people and many foods in the city so there is lots of garbage. Black kites are suit for the environment so they are omnivorous. Black kite glide using convection in the sky. There action is soaring. Soaring is to glide to using convection and flap in its wing. They look for bait when they glide in the sky. Next, they dive and catch the bait. From the outset they are very wary. But they are tames to people recently. So they rob food from people. People are injured by them. Black kites die often because their food and danger prediction ability very low.

Black kite doesn’t have fine brain and learning ability, so can’t predict danger in well. And they glide useing convection in the sky. So they are cause of birdstrike. Birdstrike is accident and black kite is caught into the air plane’s engine. There aren’t good statistics on this.

Black kites live and are found in Kochi. They like to get bait in easy places. So they find easy fishing port or rural areas. Their song is “Peep―hyolololo”. If you want to look them, you should go seaside or rural areas, for example Usa, Susaki, Muroto, Asizuri, Katsurahama Motoyama-chou, Otoyo –chou are good. Especially Usa is famous fishing ground. So there is gotten many fishes by fisherman. Black kites aim for many fishes. It is near Kochi city and you get there in thirty minutes by car. Probably you can find many black kites with in a short distance. You can find them in others places too.

Fudaraku: Grateloupia lanceolata (Okamura) Kawaguchi

Grateloupia lanceolata (Okamura) Kawaguchi is a member of the Rhodophyceae, or red algae group.

The body is thick and firm. A short stalk appressorium with width is previously attached a little. It is vertical by appressorium. There are a lot zonal, oblong, and a kidney type etc. of the shape of the appressorium.

Moreover, it separates into two in the upper part of the appressorium, and there is the one that the point is pointed out, too. The origin of the scientific name originates the fact that it is flat, long and slender, and it is sharp ahead. The medullary layer consists of a close filamentous cell, it queues up from small spheroidal the cortex in an oval close cell in the integument layer, and a little large cell piles up in the ranging endodermis layer. It is necessary to distinguish between the `turu turu` and `tanbanori` difficultly only by the feeling the surface. It is called according to the region `akahanba`, and it is used for food.

Grateloupia lamceolata belongs to the Rhodophyta Gigartinales Halymeniaceae.

It is widely distributed in Japanese whole areas except Hokkaido such as the Honshu, Shikoku and Kyusyu. Moreover,it is distributed not only Japan but also in a Korean peninsula. Inside harbor, it often becomes a primary.

It grows in a calm environment like the basin and the littoral region.When the tides pull it most in a quiet place of the wave, it grows on rocks in the vicinity near the surface of the sea. Moreover, it lives also in the part always soaked in seawater. It is necessary to correspond to strong waves right under the ebb tide line etc. though such a place is a secure setting for the living thing. In the inside the harbor, it often becomes dominant.

It is possible to grow all the year round. The group of the cystocarp appears on the surface of the body and it becomes a macula pattern when maturing. Origin of Japanese name, comes from spots and showing `Fudarake` there is this macula. There is considerably a viscosity. Length is 20~50cm, and one that becomes 1m in length usually. Width is 7~15cm. Surface is a smooth leather . The living body is very varied with red, yellow, and green. It often is near the coast at the turn of the season from summer to autumn and it goes up. It adheres to paper when making it to a drying.

In Kochi Prefecture, it is possible to confirm it in all seas. Confirming it is especially easy, and most beautiful one is Usa.