The sky was gray and there was a salty humid wind on my cheek. Nobody was walking in the street. A few aged women were riding their bicycle for going shopping to local grocery supermarket. In the quiet atmosphere, there is a local roadside station “Tano Ekiya”. Continue reading Tano: a tiny salty town
by S. Toyoizumi
Zatoukuzira is the order of a Whale, the suborder of a Baleen Whale, the family of a Finback.The scientific name of Zatoukuzira is Megaptera novaeangliae. And the english name of Zatoukuzira is Humpback Whale.
Description & Taxonomy
Lenth of Zatoukuzira is 11-16m,big ones reach 20m.Weight is 30t,big ones reach 60t.The jaw is covered with the acorn barnacle.A dorsal fin is a low triangle. Pectoral fin amounts to ⅓ of full length.This is very big and very long.
Range & Ecology
Zatoukuzira live the sea in the world.There are some areas.They live comparatively warm sea.They wander that around.They sing song.It differs for every area. Zatoukuzira can stop a breath about 30 minutes,small one is five minutes.They have from the water surface to less than 50 meters.
Use & Conservation
Zatoukuzira attracts many people for whale watching. It is 1,500,000 tourists. An economic effect is 225,000 000 dollars. To other there are Whaling. It is seldom caught for consumption, the obstensible purpose is “scientific research.” By whaling,the number of individuals decreased by 1970. Global whale program of IFAW cover this problem but it is recovering. Now, it is guessed that the numbers have recovered quite a bit.
We can watch Zatoukuzira in Kochi, Muroto, Kochi, Tosa, Tosashimizu city,and Saga, Oogata town.
The Black Kite’s Japanese name is Tobi and the scientific name is Milvus migrans. They are birds which are migratory birds or resident birds. They are raptors and Accipitrida . So they are bigger than almost all other raptor species. The males are 58.5 cm long and the females are 68.5 cm long. Females are bigger than males. They have wingspread of 150~160 cm. Their body color is blown and beaks are sharp and curved.
They are five varieties of the subfamily hawk. Milvus migrans milvus, Milvus migrans lineatus, Milvus migrans parasitus, Milvus migrans grovinda and Milvus migrans affinis . Milvus migrans milvus live in Europe. Milvus migrans lineatus live in Central Asia. Milvus migrans parasitus live in Africa. Milvus migrans grovinda live in India. Milvus migrans affinis live in Australia. M.m.milvus and M.m.lineatus are migratory bird, while M.m are parasites, M.m.grovinda and M.m.affinis are resident birds. Migratory birds live in cool temperature zones. On the other hand, resident birds live in warm temperature zones. Migratory birds can’t live in cold season. So they move to warm country.
Black kite’s habitats are mountain, seaside, harbor, rivers, agricultural land, lake and marshes and city. They live in various habitat. Because they have ability that suit the environment. They live especially in harbors.
Black kite eat prey type or omnivorous type. Prey type live in the suburbs. They eat animals, carcasses, flogs, lizards, snakes and fishes. On the other hand omnivorous type live in the city. They eat animals, carcasses, flogs, lizards, snakes and fishes. In addition, they eat garbage and people’s lunches. There are many people and many foods in the city so there is lots of garbage. Black kites are suit for the environment so they are omnivorous. Black kite glide using convection in the sky. There action is soaring. Soaring is to glide to using convection and flap in its wing. They look for bait when they glide in the sky. Next, they dive and catch the bait. From the outset they are very wary. But they are tames to people recently. So they rob food from people. People are injured by them. Black kites die often because their food and danger prediction ability very low.
Black kite doesn’t have fine brain and learning ability, so can’t predict danger in well. And they glide useing convection in the sky. So they are cause of birdstrike. Birdstrike is accident and black kite is caught into the air plane’s engine. There aren’t good statistics on this.
Black kites live and are found in Kochi. They like to get bait in easy places. So they find easy fishing port or rural areas. Their song is “Peep―hyolololo”. If you want to look them, you should go seaside or rural areas, for example Usa, Susaki, Muroto, Asizuri, Katsurahama Motoyama-chou, Otoyo –chou are good. Especially Usa is famous fishing ground. So there is gotten many fishes by fisherman. Black kites aim for many fishes. It is near Kochi city and you get there in thirty minutes by car. Probably you can find many black kites with in a short distance. You can find them in others places too.
Chrysanthemum shiwogiku is an apetalous wild chrysanthemum that grows near the ocean. Its scientific name Chrysanthemum shiwogiku; another name is shiokazegiku. The height of shiogiku is 25~35cm. Shiogiku has a spatulate leaf, the back of which is covered with silver hairs. The exterior of the leaf has small guard hairs.. Shiogiku sends out a subterranean stem which becomes detached. The leaf is an oval, and a large, round saw blade enters. The leaf is thick, and the table is green, and a white hair is bristly on the other side. A lot of buds are attached in a pyramid and the flowers are all cylindrical. In other word, a flower is not located in a line outside
The taxonomy of Shiogiku is a Plantae, Magnoliophyta, Magnoliopsida, Asterales, Asteraceae Chrysanthemum shiwogiku.
Shiogiku around Muroto cape becomes full-bloomed from the end of November to the beginning of December. Shiogiku mainly blooms in rocks and colors Muroto cape from the late autumn to early winter. Shiogiku grows in cliff of the seashore from Yasu-cho, Kochi to Ishima, Tokushima-ken. Siogiku just like Kisiogiku is in western Wakayama Kii Peninsula.
Shiogiku is a perennial herb and the flowring season is fall. Shiogiku and Kiisiogiku are often alike. The difference of the mutation of Shiogiku and Kiisiogiku is big capitates and wide leaf. But the chromosome of Kiishiogiku and Shiogiku is 2n=72 with a 8 time object. Isogiku is growing in Shizuoka. Since Isogiku is 10 time object 2n=90, it has a clear difference with Shiogiku. The classification top is also another kind. Shiogiku near the Muroto cape makes a cylindrical flower tear. It is the greatest thing as which the group of Shiogiku of the Muroto cape is not regarded at other places in the area over which Shiogiku is distributed.
The Muroto cape is an area precious as a botanical area for Shiogiku. So the best place to go to see it is the Muroto cape. However, a hybrid can see by mating with Nojigiku and Siogiku is in the critical situation of extinction in recent years. Moreover, it can see even in the Makino botanical gardens.