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Life in Kochi
A student-written guide to Kochi Prefecture, Japan
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The word “animal” comes from the Latin word animal (meaning with soul, from anima, soul). The biological definition of the word refers to all members of the Kingdom Animalia, encompassing creatures ranging from insects to humans.
A fish is any aquatic vertebrate animal that is covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. Most fish are “cold-blooded”, or ectothermic, allowing their body temperatures to vary as ambient temperatures change.
Birds (class Aves) are winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrate animals. There are around 10,000 living species, making them the most varied of tetrapod vertebrates.
Mammals (formally Mammalia) are a class of vertebrate, air-breathing animals whose females are characterized by the possession of mammary glands while both males and females are characterized by hair and/or fur, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in the brain.
An arthropod is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and jointed appendages.
Plants are living organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. They include familiar organisms such as trees, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae.
The spermatophytes (from the Greek word “Σπερματόφυτα”) (also known as phanerogams) comprise those plants that produce seeds. They are a subset of the embryophytes or land plants.
A fungus (pronounced /ˈfʌŋɡəs/) is a member of a large group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.